Around the world, almost 40 percent of waste is disposed of in landfills. About 19 percent undergoes materials recovery through recycling and composting, and 11 percent is treated through modern incineration. Although globally 33 percent of waste is still openly dumped, governments are increasingly recognizing the risks and costs of dumpsites and pursuing sustainable waste disposal methods. Waste disposal practices vary significantly by income level and region. Open dumping is prevalent in lower-income countries, where landfills are not yet available. About 93 percent of waste is burned or dumped in roads, open land, or waterways in low-income countries, whereas only 2 percent of waste is dumped in high-income countries. More than two-thirds of waste is dumped in the South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa regions, which will significantly impact future waste growth. As nations prosper economically, waste is managed using more sustainable methods. Construction and use of landfills is commonly the first step toward sustainable waste management. Whereas only 3 percent of waste is deposited in landfills in low-income countries, about 54 percent of waste is sent to landfills in upper-middle-income countries. Furthermore, wealthier countries tend to put greater focus on materials recovery through recycling and composting. In high-income countries, 29 percent of waste is recycled and 6 percent composted. Incineration is also more common. In high-income countries, 22 percent of waste is incinerated, largely within high-capacity and land-constrained countries and territories such as Japan and the British Virgin Islands.